This species and Post Oak (Quercus stellata Wangenh.) … Blackjack oak is one of the few species of red oaks that shares the white oak group characteristic of vessels blocked by tyloses. Western populations in Texas and Oklahoma are often recognized as Q. marilandica var.
Is blackjack oak a red oak?
Quercus marilandica, the blackjack oak, is a small oak, one of the red oak group Quercus sect. Lobatae. It is native to the eastern and central United States, from Long Island to Florida, west as far as Texas, Oklahoma, and Nebraska.
What is blackjack wood?
The blackjack oak (Quercus marilandica) is also known as the Jack oak, black oak, and barren oak. A small deciduous tree that grows 20 to 30 feet (maximum 90 feet) with a trunk diameter of 1 foot or less. … Often maturing between 50 to 75 feet tall. Capable of growing upwards of 100 feet.
What is Black Jack Oak good for?
It is used mainly for fence posts, railroad ties, and fuel . IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Blackjack oak provides cover and habitat, and acorns are an important food source for mammals and birds .
How do you identify a oak in blackjack?
Blackjack Oak (Quercus marilandica)
Leaves usually at most 3-lobed, sometimes entirely flat-across at tip, very broad at tip. 3-lobed leaves narrower at the tip, usually deeper-cut and making acute angles between lobes. 3-lobed leaves broader at the tip, with shallower notches making wide, obtuse angles between lobes.
Do deer like blackjack oak acorns?
The acorns are eaten by many species of wildlife. The foliage and twigs may be browsed by white-tailed deer, particularly during periods of drought or during late fall to early winter.
Does blackjack oak make good lumber?
Uses: Although the wood of blackjack oak is hard, heavy and strong, it is of little commercial value. Sometimes it is used for rough construction, fence posts and railroad crossties; and it is a member of the “red oak” family. Firewood Value: It produces excellent firewood and is easy to split.
What is a jack oak?
Definitions of jack oak. a common scrubby deciduous tree of central and southeastern United States having dark bark and broad three-lobed (club-shaped) leaves; tends to form dense thickets. synonyms: Quercus marilandica, blackjack, blackjack oak.
What is the Latin name for blackjack oak?
Quercus stellata, commonly called post oak, is a medium-sized deciduous oak of the white oak group that typically grows 35-50′ tall with a rounded crown. It is called post oak because its durable wood has been used for fence posts.
How long do blackjack oaks live?
This tree grows slowly and can live up to 200 years. Range & Habitat: Blackjack Oak (Quercus marilandica) is native to southern and west-central Illinois, where it is occasional (see Distribution Map).
Do black oak trees have acorns?
Black oak (Quercus velutina) is a member of the broad red oak group (red, black, blackjack, pin, northern pin, and shingle). This group is characterized by having bristles or points on the leaf lobes and acorns which mature in two growing seasons and sprout in the spring after maturity.
What is red oak leaf?
Red oak leaves are simple and arranged alternately on the twig. … They are 7 to 11 lobed, and 5 to 9 inches long with slender petioles 1 to 2 inches long. The lobes are usually no longer than one third the total leaf width; the sinuses of the lobes are u-shaped and the tips of the lobes are bristle tipped.
What do white oak leaves look like?
White oak leaves are simple and arranged alternately on twigs. They are 7 to 9 lobed, 5 to 9 inches long with short petioles. The lobes are rounded without bristle tips and vary in length from leaf to leaf but are rather uniform on the same leaf. Surface color is dull green and paler below.
What does a chestnut oak leaf look like?
It has blackish, tannin-rich bark, with deep longitudinal ridges; the chestnutlike, lance-shaped leaves, about 18 cm (7 inches) long, have 10 to 15 pairs of parallel veins, each ending at a rounded tooth. Yellow-green above, paler and fuzzy beneath, the leaves turn orange-red or rust brown in autumn.
Where is Black Oak found?
Black oak is widely distributed from southwestern Maine west in New York to extreme southern Ontario, southeastern Minnesota, and Iowa; south in eastern Nebraska, eastern Kansas, central Oklahoma, and eastern Texas; and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia (18,19). -The native range of black oaks.