The blackjack oak (Quercus marilandica) is also known as the Jack oak, black oak, and barren oak. A small deciduous tree that grows 20 to 30 feet (maximum 90 feet) with a trunk diameter of 1 foot or less. … Often maturing between 50 to 75 feet tall. Capable of growing upwards of 100 feet.
What is blackjack wood good for?
It is used mainly for fence posts, railroad ties, and fuel . IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Blackjack oak provides cover and habitat, and acorns are an important food source for mammals and birds .
What kind of wood is blackjack?
The Blackjack Oak, or Quercus marilandica to give it its Latin name, is also known as the Jack Oak, black Oak, or barren Oak. They are a small deciduous tree that grows up to 90 feet with a diameter of around a foot or less. It’s got a similar appearance to post Oak which grows in the same areas as Blackjack Oak.
Is blackjack oak a white oak?
This species and Post Oak (Quercus stellata Wangenh.) … Blackjack oak is one of the few species of red oaks that shares the white oak group characteristic of vessels blocked by tyloses. Western populations in Texas and Oklahoma are often recognized as Q. marilandica var.
Is blackjack oak good for lumber?
Uses: Although the wood of blackjack oak is hard, heavy and strong, it is of little commercial value. Sometimes it is used for rough construction, fence posts and railroad crossties; and it is a member of the “red oak” family. Firewood Value: It produces excellent firewood and is easy to split.
What does a blackjack oak look like?
The leaves are 4 to 8 inches long, 3-lobed, bristle-tipped, taper to a rounded base, obovate in outline, thick petioles less than 1/2 inch long, top is dark yellow-green, beneath is paler with a tawny colored down. Acorns are 3/4 inch long, with a shallow cup shaped like a goblet, and somewhat hairy.
What is scrub oak trees?
scrub oak, any of several small shrubby trees of the genus Quercus, in the beech family (Fagaceae), native to dry soils in North America. See also oak. Specifically, scrub oak refers to Q. ilicifolia, also known as bear oak, native to the eastern United States.
What is a jack oak?
Definitions of jack oak. a common scrubby deciduous tree of central and southeastern United States having dark bark and broad three-lobed (club-shaped) leaves; tends to form dense thickets. synonyms: Quercus marilandica, blackjack, blackjack oak.
How long do blackjack oak trees live?
This tree grows slowly and can live up to 200 years. Range & Habitat: Blackjack Oak (Quercus marilandica) is native to southern and west-central Illinois, where it is occasional (see Distribution Map).
Do deer like blackjack oak acorns?
The acorns are eaten by many species of wildlife. The foliage and twigs may be browsed by white-tailed deer, particularly during periods of drought or during late fall to early winter.
How do you identify a blackjack tree?
Blackjack Oak (Quercus marilandica)
Leaves usually at most 3-lobed, sometimes entirely flat-across at tip, very broad at tip. 3-lobed leaves narrower at the tip, usually deeper-cut and making acute angles between lobes. 3-lobed leaves broader at the tip, with shallower notches making wide, obtuse angles between lobes.
What is blackjack oak used for?
Blackjack oak wood is used for railroad ties and fenceposts ³. It has also been used for fuel and charcoal ¹. Individuals also use the tree for firewood and building materials 6.
Do blackjack trees have acorns?
Okey-dokey. It is one of the “red” oaks, and thus features tiny bristles on the tips of young leaves, as well as acorns which remain on the tree for two seasons before falling. …
Is Soapberry good firewood?
Western soapberry wood splits easily into thin strips which can be used to make frames, boxes, and baskets [16,29,41]. Wood formerly received local use for cotton baskets, crates, pack saddles, and fuel [7,34]. In some areas it is still used as firewood .
Does water oak make good firewood?
Other harder woods often burn slower, but have more BTUs to give, and therefore last much longer. They sit in the fire for hours as a nice glowing lump of embers. Anyway, Water Oak(a type of Red Oak), White Oak and Hickory all make good firewood.
Is Redbud a good firewood?
This redbud’s wood is hard and dry and burns with a steady low heat, like oak. … Hardwoods typically require seasoning to burn best, but because they’re denser than softwoods (pine, for example) they burn hotter and produce less residue in chimneys.